This chapter presents a conceptual framework for structuring the development and implementation of Knowledge Societies Policy (KSP) drawing upon important empirical and theoretical sources, many of which have been outlined in Chapters 2 and 3. The framework is designed as a set of heuristic models to be simple as well as robust and effective, showing the main elements of KSP and their interrelationships. The framework enables both analysis, i.e. understanding how each element functions individually, and synthesis, i.e. understanding how they operate together. In this way the conceptual framework outlined in this chapter provides a template for structuring and analyzing the case studies presented in (UNESCO/IFAP and UNU-EGOV, 2016c), as well providing the operational basis for the process of building KSP in Chapter 5.
The remainder of this chapter is organized as follows. Section 4.1 puts forward an architecture for societal transformation, culminating in Knowledge Societies. Section 4.2 considers how Knowledge Societies support Sustainable Development transition, in particular by knowledge-based innovation which is outlined in Section 4.3. A system model for Knowledge Societies in presented in Section 4.4 and the readiness of people and organizations for transformation into Knowledge Societies is examined in Section 4.5.